With Polonius starts to think, he comes to

With Manipulation There Comes MadnessMadness revolves around how the society tolerates it and how it is depicted in people who are different. In Ken Kesey’s novel One Who Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest most patients that enter the ward are in the state of being severely mentally ill or so they are told. This novel interacts with mental diseases and describes the mentality of ill patients and their experiences. He demonstrates this idea within Nurse Ratched and McMurphy behavior throughout the book. In comparison, William Shakespeare’s novel Hamlet uses Hamlet, Ophelia, Horatio, and Polonius to describe the types of connections among people and how their mental stability influences their relationships. Although the society may believe that all people with illnesses are insane, the society and influences around them are rather what is causing them to have an unsound mind.Two of five people have a mental illness in Canada, one of those illness being caused by the influence of other people (CMHA, 2018).             This relates to novel Hamlet in the instants of  Horatio is telling Hamlet to not go to the ghost, Horatio simply states that the ghost might make Hamlet mad. Horatio believes that the ghost is not Hamlet’s father in the form of a ghost, but saying that, the spirit is pretending to be Hamlet’s father. This is depicting that once Hamlet visually meets the ghost he will be in a world of madness and go insane. Hamlet tells his friends that he is going to act mad but not tell them why but as the novel goes on the madness is an act of revenge to seem calm. Polonius asks Ophelia if she is the reason why Hamlet’s is acting out and going insane after she tells him about Hamlet’s strange visit. As Polonius starts to think, he comes to a conclusion that maybe the is reason for Hamlet’s insanity  because Ophelia has stopped going to see Hamlet, which frustrated love creates sorrowful madness. The real reason why Hamlet is acting out of madness is to hide his mission to avenge his father’s murder.           In Ken Kesey’s novel One Who Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest a character named Nurse Ratched is displayed as a mean big nurse who bosses the men in the ward around.  Nurse Ratched is shown in the novel as well of being manipulative, bossy, and controlling character but not only to the patients but her coworkers. This influences the patients into believing they are mentally unstable but in reality, many of the men in the ward are perfectly capable of surviving on their own.  When Nurse Ratched is unable to get McMurphy, under control, she tries to manipulate the other patients to turn against him by suggesting that he is manipulative himself and has never helped the men without getting something like money in return. Nurse Ratched capitalizes on these fears and sets up a meeting without McMurphy, at which she implies that he is trying to take their money and that this is the only motivation he has while befriending them.          Throughout the novel Hamlet, Hamlet is shown as manipulative as well because he plays Claudius and his friends knowing what to do to get the response he wants. As well, Claudius questions the other patient’s loyalty until they feel obligated to do things in Claudius’s favor. Claudius seduces Gertrude in order to gain power and thone.  Claudius  manipulates Hamlets friends so they can spy on him and see what he does wrong. Hamlets “friends” make it seem like they really care for Hamlet but Claudius is deceiving the friends into getting information about Hamlet. Which this type of behavior causes Hamlet to go mad and insane. Meanwhile, Claudius manipulates Laertes by suggesting to not act on his father’s behalf. When Laertes gets asked about his devotion for his father, Claudius further pushes him into wanting to murder Hamlet. This is shown when Claudius says to Laertes “Not that I did think you did not love your father, but that I know love is begun by time, and that I see in passages of proof” (Shakespeare, 206, 9-10). Hamlet uses Ophelia to show through his madness and this is shown when he shouts out at Ophelia “Get thee to the nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest, but yet I could accuse me of such things that it was better mother not borne me” (Shakespeare, 5, 20-24). When Hamlet and Ophelia get together, he manipulates Ophelia and Polonius into thinking his love for Ophelia is the cause of his madness.       Nurse Ratched is very controlling not only with her emotions but others emotions too. She sets up strict and precise rules for the patients follow, as well, Ratchet sets up a regime. This is seen when Billy was seen with a women outside of the ward and Billy had the to say, “Good Morning Nurse Ratched” (Keseys,1975). As if everything was normal. When Billy loses his stuttering, it shows that he starts to break from that form in Nurse Ratched’s control over the patient’s. She quickly notices this and shames Billy to make him feel guilty for his actions. She begins to threaten and manipulate him into to tell his mother and this really hurts billy because she makes fun of his stuttering once again when he says, “Duh-duh-don’t tell tell m-m-m-miss Ratched” (Keseys,1975) All the horrific guilt built up from Nurse Ratched leads to Billy killing himself. Even though Ratched didn’t intend on making Billy kill himself, Ratched used that to help her gain power, dignity and control back. She uses this death to make McMurphy feel like he’s the one to blame for Billy’s death.         Overall, the society may believe that all people with illnesses are insane, the society and influences around them are rather what is causing them to have an unsound mind. Through the use of the characters Hamlet, Polonius, Horatio, Nurse Ratched, McMurphy, and Billy these two novels connect both mental illnesses and how they have affected earlier and today’s society based on the influences. This is a compact difference between earlier times and present times and relates to the logic towards mental illnesses.

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