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In the United States of America, you are considered to be legally inebriated and forbidden from driving when your blood alcohol concentrate (BAC) is 0.08% or higher. There are three main methods in alcohol testing, namely breath, blood and urine tests. Many states require a breath test, but some will allow you a blood or urine test, should you request this. 

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Breath Test
In order to perform an alcohol test, an officer may use a portable breath analysis device known as a breathalyzer. Breathalyzers measure the alcohol that is carried through alveoli air sacs as blood flows through vessels in the lungs, which is then left on the subject’s breath. 

Blood Test
Alcohol can be measured within minutes of having an alcoholic drink as it is quickly absorbed into the blood stream. A blood test may require a consent form, however refusing to take the test may result in legal consequences, including suspension of driving privileges. 

Urine Test
Urine tests would be considered a last resort if neither of the above mentioned tests are available. They can however be seen as an intrusive method. Studies have shown that urine test results can be significantly higher or lower than the subject’s actual BAC. 

Many officials of the law will employ these methods of alcohol testing, however they do not always prove to be accurate. If you should find yourself in the position of having to perform one of these tests and you feel the results could be inaccurate, you may need to call an expert in forensic toxicology such as Okorie Okorocha. 

What Affects The Accuracy Of An Alcohol Test:

Regarding a breath test, there are many factors to take into account. A breathalyzer is the device used to administer BAC breath tests and it needs to be maintained. Inadequate maintenance can severely affect the accuracy of the alcohol test. The officer administering the test also needs adequate training to ensure that the device is handled properly. If an alcohol test if given only once, the results could potentially be inaccurate. The subject of the test may also not have exhaled powerfully enough for the test to register properly. Breath air contains molecules from the entire respiratory system, therefore alcohol molecules can interact with mucus, altering the amount of alcohol measured in any given breath.

In addition to this, some people are exposed to certain chemicals that may present as a false positive for alcohol testing. Paint, thinners, glue, lacquers and plastics all produce a fume that when inhaled may manifest as a false positive on the breathalyzer test. Therefore, a forensic expert can play a crucial role in determining whether a false positive result may have been found. 

Lab testing errors can occur after a blood test has taken place and thus render the results inaccurate. A medically trained person may administer the blood test and will then pass it onto the police or other individuals. During this process, there is a possibility of the test becoming contaminated. Someone might also mishandle the blood test, thus corrupting the accuracy of the test. In addition to this, factors that influence accuracy could also include; a lack of sterilization, preservatives and/or refrigeration, coagulation, test tube mix-ups and fermentation of the blood in the test tube. In situations of a legal nature, Okorie Okorocha offers the service of co-counsel to handle toxicology and forensic issues. He is an experienced lawyer who knows how to go up against other lawyers and leave them flawed. 

Urine tests usually cannot be performed at the time of the event, such as a traffic stop, thus causing the samples to be affected by the passing of time. It is known that alcohol takes up to two hours to appear in a person’s urine and can remain in their system for 6-24 hours. Consequently, positive urine tests may not prove that the person was inebriated at the time of the event. Urine testing may also pick up small amounts of alcohol found in medicines, hygiene products and even certain foods. 

When faced with the results of alcohol testing, you may need the help of the most experienced and qualified legal and forensic professional out there. Okorie Okorocha will provide you with the best toxicological co-counsel. He is the only attorney out of 250 000 in the State of California that is a Nationally Board Certified Criminal and Civil Trial Lawyer. 

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