Once France, resulting in the Vienna Settlement. The

Once under the guidance of Bismarck there was a moreover a visible drift in the direction, not of absolute free trade in international relations, perhaps but at least towards a greater freedom.4 Even if progress were not to be seen the people of Prussia were seeing something much more due to Bismarck’s guidance. It was the Italian war of 1859 that revived national hopes all over Central Europe. By promising the Sardinia-Piedmont of Cavour military assistance for driving the Austrian out Italy, Napoleon III  wanted to wreck one of the main pillars of the Vienna peace settlement.5 Prussia’s first apparent in the opposition to Napoleon’s occupation of the German states, national emotions grew into a movement after 1815 as a way for nationalism to be increased in numbers by Germans due to defeat of France, resulting in the Vienna Settlement. The results of the Italian war was a subsequent formation of the kingdom of Italy had aroused a deep desire for the early achievement of German unity.6 Napoleon’s failure with the Continental system policy was one of the reasons for going into war with Russia, but also Austria after anti-French. Even if the steps towards German unification was small it allowed for the people to gain a sense of unity and that they must cooperate in order to unit fully. One of the major reasons on how Bismarck was able to unify German was due to understanding the situation of war in order to gain something out of it while losing nothing major. Bismarck, taking advantage of the divided counsels of the other great power, led his country against Denmark in January 1864. This action that Bismarck did was taken in collaboration with Austria as not to separate duchies from Denmark, but as a mean to force the Danish government to recognize the validity of the Treaty of 1852.7 What this was able to tell was that Prussia wanted denounce Austria for violating the terms of the Convention of Gastein. Austria was convinced that war was inevitable, determined on a policy of confrontation with Prussia. The reason Prussia Bismarck won was by getting Austrian help and the reason Austria supported the Augustusburg but suspected Germany was because they didn’t want Bismarck from working with Prussia with the forces of nationalism, Austria was happy to pursue what appeared to be the traditional policy of co-operating with Prussia. Agreeing to an alliance, An Austrian alliance was the best assurance, he believed against the other Great Powers…. To bring her advantage.8 Austria and Prussia now issued an ultimatum to Denmark threatening to occupy Schleswig unless it withdrew the new constitution within 48 hours. Denmark refused. Thus, in January 1864 a combined Prussian and Austrian army advanced through Holstein and into Schleswig. Denmark agreed that the Schleswig-Holstein matter should be resolved by a European conference but it failed to reach an agreement. Denmark hoped that the British Prime Minister Palmerston’s would help but there was little Britain could actually do. Denmark was forced but to surrender in July 1864. The Six Weeks War of 1864 against Denmark–Unwisely, the Danish King had tried to incorporate his German provinces, Schleswig and Holstein, situated between the North Sea, the Baltic and Hamburg….provoked vast nationalistic passion in Germany and Denmark, a short war in 1848.9 Austria was absorbed with the problem of dealing with its various subject nationalities, especially the Hungarians which was not in a position to mount a war of revenge. After 1866 Bismarck hoped to unite the south German states with the rest of Germany at some stage in the future. He didn’t seem to have mastered a plan to bring about unification. He knew that he had to move cautiously and not neglect Prussian- and also north and south German. All he could do was wait on events and be ready to seize whatever opportunities came along.

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