Kira TaylorResearch and TechResearch ProposalNovember 2, 2017The Impact of Weight Gain and Its Influence on the Lifestyles of College FreshmanIntroductionThis study is aimed to focus on the transition of high school students into their first year of college, and how the effect of their diet is being manipulated. Also, this study will determine if the substantial weight gain will lead to a person opening doors for later on diseases. The main focus of this research is on freshman who are newly transitioning from highschool to college. The objective of this research is to measure possible reasons why students are gaining a substantial amount of weight while they are currently enrolled freshman year of college and how that weight gain can influence and increase the chance of diseases in their lives later on.There is an exponential increase in the amount of obese individuals especially in developed nations like United States and United Kingdom. Obesity is now corrupting the world and has become a public health problem in most nations other than just the United States.(Mandal, 2017) Some of the most high risks diseases can lead from obesity and unhealthy eating. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, and even cancer. Of course, this weight gain is not dedicated to eating healthy, but may possibly be because of the high intake of such fatty foods and can damage a person’s body and health. The amount of fatty foods that college freshman are consuming should also affect and increase the level of disease rates within.Literature ReviewObesity and unhealthy dieting in college is very common and is increasing in the amount people who are affected everyday.Advertising for unhealthy eating on campus, plays a huge role in an unhealthy diet. BackgroundSimilar recent studies discovered that some first-year college students are more capable of gaining weight although it is also suspected that in some cases, the weight gain may not all be gained during freshman year alone. Doctors are concerned that students who continuously put on pounds of fat, are creating a pattern of weight gain that could lead to unwanted trouble if it continues (Hirsch, 2014). Studies show that the average weight gain of students is between 3 to 20 pounds during their first 2 years of college. During students first semester, is typically when the beginning of the weight gain occurs. (Hirsch, 2013).MethodologyThe study design for this research is both quantitative and qualitative. This will focus on retrieving information and opinions regarding the topic and one on one interviews. The method that will be used to collect information will be both primary and secondary sources. With direct contact, the researcher plans on making observations within the Kean University campus and what places there are to eat on campus are mainly attracting the most amount of people. Students will be randomly stopped and asked to participate in the following research directly in front of the Miron Student Center patio located at Kean University. The positioning of the student center patio should increase the amount of participants. Also, a consent form stating that they approve being a participant will be given out and a questionnaire will be given to the randomly selected participants that will consist of 5-10 questions pertaining to their opinion on the topic which consists of three different types of questions. The first choice of options range from a scale from 10 to 1 using the likert scale, 10 being strongly agree and 1 being strongly disagreed. The second choice of options will be open ended, giving participants the ability to express exactly how they feel about the question being asked. And the third choice of options will be to circle the following of the provided answers that follows the question being asked. Based on the questions, the researcher should be given enough information to make a critical judgment on the topic to support the previous statement. A sample of approximately 50 participants will be contacted in regards to the questionnaire. ResultsBased on the number of people participating in the study, the researcher received more input from upperclassmen than freshman. Being that upperclassman may have already experienced a significant amount of weight gain from their previous years as a college student versus a freshman who would only experienced being in college for a couple of months and may not have noticed any changes. Participants gave their honest opinion of the topic and not just hurry and complete the questionnaire. Based off of the questionaire questions and one one one interviews the researcher came to the (donttt put this- more guys then girls agreed to(half of the participants felt – 16% of participates had experienced wight gain, 30 percent felt campus eateries had to donwith it )Discussion Based on the results from the questionnaire, the researcher was provided with enough information to further continue the topic. It is important to incorporate results into the research because it helps gather together different opinion and it is also a different way of gathering information and not just finding similar topics online. Also, it is important to gather results and use them because some of the participants may have different ideas and thoughts and can lead the researcher to something completely different and useful.LimitationsSome limitations that the researcher may come across will have to be, not collecting enough participants, every participant having a different view, the time of day that is chosen to seek participants and not having the right questions to get the point across. If a little amount of participants are taking action to respond to the questionnaire, the results won’t be as sufficient because the researcher will not be able to create a general concept. Because the participants that are going to be used are random, there is a possibility of every participant having a different opinion and the researcher will not be able to make a direct statement. Also, depending on the time of day will affect the amount of students that will pass by and be able to be selected to participate and lastly if the questions that are being asked are not well written enough the entire process of the questionnaire will be useless and could set the researcher back and would have to reevaluate the methodology that was going to be used. Another limitation that may occur is the amount of resources available to support the topic. Ethical IssuesThis research will not cause any harm to participants. Participants will be given a consent form before they are to participate in the study. Any risks associated with the study will be listed in the consent form.ReferencesBrewis, A., Brennhofer, S., Woerden, I. V., & Bruening, M. (2016, December). Weight stigma and eating behaviors on a college campus: Are students immune to stigma’s effects? Retrieved November 01, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5099270/ Campbell, N. (2017, July 18). Why Do People Gain Weight in College? Retrieved October 26,2017, from https://www.livestrong.com/article/104103-people-gain-weight-college/F.E. Gunes, N. Bekiroglu, N. Imeryuz, M. Agirbasli (2012) Relation between eating habits and a high body mass index among freshman students: a cross-sectional study Retrieved October 27, 2017, from J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 31 (2012), pp. 167-174Hirsch, L. (Ed.). (2014, January 12). Beating the Freshman 15. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/freshman-15.htmlJung, S.R. Bray, K.A. Martin Ginis (2008)Behavior change and the freshman 15: tracking physical activity and dietary patterns in 1st-year university women J. Am. Coll. Health, 56 (2008), pp. 523-530Leary, C. (2015, August 11). Why Every College Student Needs Exercise. Retrieved October 26,2017, from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/caitlynne-leary/why-every-college-student-needs-exercise_b_7967830.htmlMarcason, W. (2015, January 20). 8 Ways to Beat the Freshman 15. Retrieved October 26, 2017,from http://www.eatright.org/resource/health/weight-loss/eating-out/8-ways-to-beat-the-freshman-15Mihalopoulos, N. L., Auinger, P., & Klein, J. D. (2008). The Freshman 15: Is it Real? RetrievedOctober 25, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2532948/No Author, (2015, April 01). Weight gain in freshman college students and perceived health. Retrieved November 01, 2017, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211335515000339 Smith-Jackson, T., & Reel, J. J. (2011, December 15). Perspectives on Prevalence and Causes ofCollege Weight Gain. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07448481.2011.555931?scroll=top=trueAppendixAfter introducing the topic, the following verbal consent will be stated before participants begin questionnaire: “This study is anonymous. We will not be collecting or retaining any information about your identity. Are you aware that your agreement indicates that you have decided to volunteer as a research participant for this study, and that you understand the information that was just stated?”Questionnaire Questions Age/ Graduate Class yearFor questions 2-5 use the scale to determine the how you feel about each question. 10: strongly agree and 1: strongly disagree 2. Students normally tend to gain weight their freshman year? 3. Colleges mainly promote unhealthy foods? 4. By eating unhealthy foods can lead to diseases: high blood pressure, diabetes, etc 5. What class do you believe will have the highest average weight gain this semester? 6. What do you know about the stereotypic “freshman fifteen”, and how can it be fixed? 7. Do you know anyone in college that gained a substantial amount of weight between the beginning of freshman year and present day? 8. What gender do you believe gains weight faster after entering college?Circle the best answer: 9-12 9. Have you experienced weight gain since the beginning of your freshman year? Yes No 10. Are you a commuter or resident on campus? Commuter Resident 11. Do you think it is beneficial for campuses to replace the fast food restaurants on campus with healthier eatery? Yes No 12. Has your diet changed since you were in high school up until today? Yes NoIf you answered yes to #12, please explain how.