1 particularly scholarly libraries, are appreciated organizations. They

1      
Introduction

1.1      Background
study

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Libraries, and more
particularly scholarly libraries, are appreciated organizations. They resemble
the focal sensory system to any college learning and occupied by specialists
committed to providing free and open access to data.

Academic libraries today are complex institutions with
multiple roles and a host of related operations and services developed over the
years. However, their essential reason as stated above has continued as before:
to give access to reliable, definitive learning. Thus, scholastic libraries
–  alongside their private and
legislative partners – have long stood unchallenged all through the world as
the essential suppliers of recorded learning and authentic records. Inside the
setting of advanced education particularly, when clients needed tried and true
data, they swung to scholastic libraries. Today, in any case, the library is
giving up its place as the best wellspring of request. The reason that the
library is losing its amazingness in doing this key part is expected,
obviously, to the effect of advanced digital innovation. As computerized
innovation pervades each part of the human advancement, it has put forward an
upset not just in how organizations store and transmit recorded learning,
verifiable records, and a large group of different sorts of correspondence but
also in how clients look for and access these materials.

Libraries across the
globe, including the mightiest academic libraries, are undertaking enormous modification
change because of the digital interference the society is now experiencing. But
most formidably, normal canons of the library clients have been metamorphosing
tremendously. Physical book borrowing by heading off to the library has
diminished, while computerized accumulations of the same has expanded.

The path to what’s
to come is exceptionally wide, technology continues to change, and new
developments are coming up occasionally. The libraries ought to have the
capacity to react to the need of the tertiary training.

As more and more
students buy internet-capable phones and when phone plans that include internet
access become more affordable, students will seek streamlined ways to locate
the kinds of information they need. Campus information portals for mobile
devices are one emerging model, and some academic libraries are already
represented in these venues.

The reform in
technology has appeared slowly and their effect on tertiary education continues
to grow. In other cases, over relatively diminutive duration of time,
technological reforms, such as the introduction of Web browsers, have had an
extensive, and some would state progressive, impact on tertiary training and
the more extensive society. Which will it be for mobile devices? Smartphones
and other mobile devices with internet access allow people to access the web on
the go. Some estimate that more users will access the internet from mobile
devices than desktop computers within a few years 1. Since the use of mobile
phone is on the rise and to be specific smart phones wont it be good that a
student sits at his comfortable abode to access information on a digital library
than to go to the school library to get information, for this reason this project
has been undertaken to provide a digital library on the smart phone in a form
of an application which could accessed by any smart phone.

1.2      Problem
statement

The purpose of this
mobile application is to allow the storing of in detail of huge number of
books, journals, thesis, magazines, and will allow to add, access, search and
borrow, this will have a user free interface so that anyone can access, there
will also be a dialogue box for recommendations and suggestion to improve the
application to be excellent. This application will be followed by careful
guidelines to help the user plan how to study and duration of time.

1.3      Objective
of the study

After the end of the
project the following is set to be achieved:

1.   
To be
able to create an application to be used as a digital library

2.   
To
develop and make tutorials for its users to allow them to efficiently make use
of the rehouses and facilities that is made accessible by the library.

3.   
To be
able to gather, assemble and com pare print and digital data and circulate at
any point of cater and future use.

4.   
To coordinate
and produce into a single access point.

5.   
To make
a user-friendly application that can be used by all.

6.   
To be
able to enhance my skills in coding.

1.4      Scope
of Study

This study is for
all smart phone users who are interested in fetching information from the net,
this application is helpful to people in the academia, ranging from the student
body to the lecturers who are interested to use digital information or digital library
than rather going to physical libraries for their research, this application
can also be used by the society.

1.5      Limitations
of the study

Even though excellent
attempts have been made to put realization an amazing application, however the
following contributing factors have been inevitable because of their crucial
limiting factor of the study:

·        
This
study is only limited to smart phone users who can access the internet with
their phone.

·        
Even
though a lot of efforts have been made to put together a huge number of books
not all books that are covered in the application.

·        
Some of
the books will be available if only you could buy online.

·        
Accessing
the internet may incur some cost.

·        
With
the number of books in the system, one could find it difficult to locate a book.

1.6      Significance
of the study

·        
This
study is greatly beneficial to the population who are in academics especially
at the tertiary level and the society.

·        
This is
aimed to minimize the time spent searching for a book on the shelves of
libraries if all you could do is to search for the book one need in the digital
library.

·        
This
application can be used to mine data for other researches

·        
This
study is helpful in a case that, one can be at their comfort zone and access
the library without walking under the scotch sun or in rain to go the library
for a piece of information.

 

2     
Literature
Review

2.1      Academic
Libraries and The Mobile Platform

Academic librarians are focused on a convention of giving
services to students. The professional library literature is loaded with
articles tending to service-related issues and solutions. Be that as it may,
the coming of the data age, by and large, and the ascent of the World Wide Web,
specifically, have given Academic librarians adequate motivation to re-assess
the arrangement of customary library administrations to students.

In the era of improved mobile communication technologies,
vast amount of changes are generated in facilitating communication and the
transfer of information namely from business to business, business to
customers, employers to employees, etc. and in providing more and more added
value services (Steenderen, 2002)

Despite the different data services provided through cell
phone services, evaluations should be made with a specific end goal to
comprehend the necessities and prerequisites of the cell phone clients. Numerous
information related services provided through a cell phone as a conveyance mode
are left under used because of absence of comprehension on the part of the
clients and the nature of the services required. Even though library related
services via cell phones isn’t yet executed in the higher learning institutions
in Ghana, such administrations are inescapable later. At the point when the
time comes, the scholastic bodies and the media transmission organizations
should be conversant with the learning and comprehension of the ideas within
the provision of library and information services and what the clients require.

Currently, studies indicated that users of a wireless phone
are found to have positive attitude towards using the technology for
communication purposes (phone calls, SMS, MMS and e-mails), speci?cally for
group work, discussion, help offered to and from classmates, receipt of
personalized information, communication with the teacher, issuing of spot
quizzes, etc. (Lubega et al., 2004). Similar attitudinal studies by Nagaki et
al. (2004) also revealed similar results.

At the present, relatively every student studying in tertiary
establishments possess a mobile device. With numerous institutions planning to
position themselves at the forefront of tertiary training in the twenty-?rst
century, it is unavoidable that mobile solutions will be the best access point in
giving comfort to the modern campus.

This can be done by extending the service delivery channels
from PC to mobile devices via SMS, and through WAP over GSM, GPRS, and 3G
technologies. For instance, the library users can now renew books and pay ?nes
for overdue loans without stepping into a library if they carry their mobile
phones.

2.1.1    
Remote application in data and library services

Wireless technology
can possibly offer numerous new potential outcomes for getting to data
from online inventories, online databases, the web and virtual libraries. Among
the wireless technologies include computerized cell advances, pocket radio and
wireless local area networks. Today, the merging of cell phones and the web
through the WAP standard presents libraries with a genuine chance to convey
wireless mobile innovation to deal with their operations for the following
services:

·        
checking records of books borrowed

·        
getting alerts on overdue books

·        
getting alerts on outstanding ?nes

·        
receiving reminders to return library items that
will be due soon

·        
renewing library items

·        
reference enquiry services

·        
receiving text alerts to new resources on the
library web site

·        
getting alert on library event information

·        
getting information from the library OPAC/database

·        
contacting librarian for help.

Wireless application in library services can be established
through an infrastructure that integrates the library systems and databases,
through an application system that allows for information to be processed and delivered
to a smaller device such as a mobile phone unit. Figure 1 illustrates an
example of a general infrastructure for a possibility of a wireless service
that can be provided by the library. The librarians and the library
stakeholders may take the initiative to liaise with mobile phone service
providers, Internet service providers, telecommunication experts and library
systems developers to determine how mobile phones can be used to automate
library procedures.

2.2     
Library Database APIs

 

3      References

1 Crumlish, C.,
& Malone, E. (2009). Thinking Mobile. In Designing Social Interfaces:
Principles, Patterns, and Practices for Improving the User Experience (1st
ed.). Yahoo Press

Steenderen, M.V.
(2002), “Business application of WAP”, The Electronic Library, Vol. 20 No. 3,
pp. 215-23.

 

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